For the past 10 years or so, on several occasions during interactions with the educated & enlightened lot, I came across Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs, a theory that explains stages of growth in humans in terms of their needs.
So what is Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs?
Abraham Maslow proposed his famous psychological theory of human needs (Maslow’s hierarchy of needs) in 1954 in his book ‘Motivation and Personality’. The simplest way to describe this is by drawing a pyramid:
So as per the theory every individual moves from bottom of the pyramid to the top, when it come to meeting his/her needs & growing.
Physiological Needs: Breathing, Food, Water, etc. (the most basic needs)
Safety Needs: Shelter, Safety of life, Safety of belongings (person starts worrying about his/her belongings)
Social Needs: Acceptance in society (person starts focusing on how people perceive him/her)
Esteem Needs: Sense of achievement (person starts liking one’s self because of his/her achievements)
Self Actualization Needs: Sense of being in a state where one becomes self aware, a state where nothing else matters or we may call a state of completeness.
Our Nation’s Dilemma:
If you ask people to discuss the issues Pakistanis are facing as a nation, some of the concerns would include:
- Why Pakistan isn’t growing?
- Why are we Pakistanis in general short tempered?
- Why we didn’t produce great minds in Pakistan?
- Why we aren’t a happy nation?
People in general LOVE to frown in our society ….
& the list goes on J
So what’s the root cause?
Well let’s review how we are doing as a Nation in light of Maslow’s theory of needs:
So keeping the current scenario in mind, how can we expect to grow as a nation? Most of our nation is busy in striving to fulfill their physiological / safety needs and hardly 5-10% is in a condition to think about their esteem needs.
For any society to grow:
- They must focus on growth
- They can only focus on growth when their basic needs are satisfied (Physiological & Safety)
- When the basic needs are easily satisfied, nations strive to focus on Social & Esteem needs
I am not an expert but in my opinion we need to start thinking on ways to eradicate the root causes of the problem so that our nation starts focusing on growth; and Education (not literacy) is one of those tools that could help us achieve this objective.